I: Building crèches at the grassroots level in earlier Bantu area
As little as 13% of South Africa’s geographical areas were designated for the black population during the apartheid time. These areas, “Bantustans” were characterized by great increase in population, erosion, lack of water, too little grazing area, epidemics and social disintegration. Even today the areas have these characteristics. These Bantustans were given their own administration and attempts were made to create a specific national consciousness within them. The idea was that the black Africans in time should lose their South African citizenship and only be able to claim rights within their Bantustan.
IMPANDE’s development projects are operating within the largest Bantustan of the apartheid regime. This area comprises great parts of Transkei in Eastern Cape and goes far into the Ugu District in South Natal. This year IMPANDE is building ten new crèches. The status five of the projects is presented in this newsletter. In later newsletters we will present the remaining five.
The existing crèches may seem passable, but they are in appalling conditions – built with clay or tin (which becomes extremely hot) and with poor roofing. There is mildew, rot and decay that you can’t discern from the photos. The children become ill from staying there.
1. Khanjanyalo crèche Before and After
Sponsors: Røa Lions Club
Number of children: 39 registered
The project was finished in April 2016
2. Khayanlethu No 1 crèche Before and After
Sponsors: The Mjelve and Sjo families
Number of children: 25 registered
The crèche will be finished and painted in May. Playground equipment and security fences are already in place. The old house will be used as kitchen and store room
3. Khayanlethu No 2 crèche Before and After
Sponsors : Ormsund Lions
Number of children: 35 registered children
The first section was finished with a roof and paint this May. The influx of children is so big that they have started building another section
4. Sonzaba crèche Before and After
Sponsors: Maren, Ola and Annika’s Christmas present.
Number of children: 35 registered children
The first section was finished with a roof and painted this May. The influx of children is so big that they now have started building another section
5. Zimeleni crèche Before and After
Sponsors: Thea Sørensen and Liv Haugen – former students at Oslo Handelsgymnasium (Commercial A-level college)
Number of children: 31 registered children
The locals have committed to building quite a big crèche. They have therefore received some extra money this May to be able to complete the project in a satisfactory manner.
Our simplified way of cooperation and some dilemmas
IMPANDE contributes with building materials, drawings, guidance and follow-up during the building period. The locals at the grassroots level carry out the building themselves. This makes for local ownership and gives rise in competence and pride. However, this process activates at the same time some dilemmas that often get to the fore with development work at grassroots level. Shall we do things according to our standards and expectations, or shall we leave the projects to growth, responsibility and development based on the competence and skills the locals have acquired?
II: Glimpses from South Africa Today
Radical issues in South African sports
How are the various races visible in South African sports today, 20 years after the end of Apartheid? We all remember when Mandela performed one of his greatest symbolic reconciliation acts between blacks and whites in 1995, at a sports ground. South Africa’s rugby team had just received the World Cup trophy. Mandela walked out onto the sports ground dressed in the national rugby kit, the very symbol of white Africans’ dominance and supremacy in this sport. The event is well documented in the film “Invictus”
There are four great sports in South Africa: athletics/track-and-field, cricket, basketball and rugby. Football is most popular among black South Africans, and the government says that only this sport is accepted as non-racial. Rugby is still dominated by whites, and some imply that there are still attitudes among some whites in the top tier of the sport to marginalize black players. However, an increasing group of players of mixed heritage (Coloereds) are visible together with several Indians in the rugby sport.
Cricket players are developed at around ten private schools in South Africa. These schools have produced a third of South Africa’s elite players.
The government has tried various measures to equalize the racial differences. In 2014a proposal was introduced to require that 60% of the participants in national teams should be of non-white heritage.
Recently a stronger proposal was forwarded. The secretary of State for sports, Fikile Mbalul published an edict where he says that the four great sports cannot host international arrangements unless their top teams are altered – i.e. they must be less dominated by whites. A new election is not far off, so this edict may come now to gather votes in the election rather than voice something they wish to use political power to obtain. The Rugby League considers the proposal devastating. They are working hard to get the World Cup in 2023. Other voices as well experience this proposal as narrow-minded and unfortunate.
III: Efficient aid
Every fifth year the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) analyses Norwegian Aid. The last time this happened was in 2014.
Criticism in this latest report was mainly directed towards the fact that Norwegian Aid was spread to as many as 112 countries. There are not quite so many today, but the spreading is still far too big. A humourist wrote this on his blog: How can you be certain that there exists no life on other planets? Answer: Because then Norway would have been there to offer aid!
Also in the previous evaluation, that is in 2008, the OECD criticised Norway for spreading their aid too thinly out. The OECD underlines the importance of trade and business to create economic growth and development and recommends Norway to put more emphasis on the civil sector.
The report commends Norway for being innovative in many areas within the Aid sector. Among the things that are praised is Norway’s will to look for alternative ways of support and financing to reduce poverty and create growth.
A general criticism in the OECD report is the need to develop a stronger focus on results and a better scorecard in Norwegian development politics. There is also a danger that that too much of the aid is measured by simple and visible aims, like the number of school desks, vaccinations and pencils. It is so much more difficult to measure the effect of work to establish peace and reconciliation, the building of democracy and development of more competent tax authorities. The OECD commends Norway for holding on to the aim of a high proportion of aid – which is around 1 percent of the Gross National Product when the global forest rescue programmes to counteract the greenhouse effect are included. This amounts to around USD 4.2 billion. It must be possible to get more out of such an enormous amount of money!
In times to come the documentation of results will in all probability be necessary if the use of so much money shall continue to have legitimacy with the Norwegian people.Rolf Olsen
Leader of IMPANDE Gamalakhe Foundation